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The Mazunte Project: A Veterinary Adventure to Mexico and Back

When I told people about my recent "spay-cation" to Oaxaca, Mexico, I got the same question over and over...What in the world could spaying and neutering dogs have to do with sea turtle conservation??

It turns out, the answer is quite a lot. Imagine this: Your puppy is all grown up now, and it's time to be neutered. A quick call to the vet to schedule the surgery is easy as pie, right?

Not for everyone...

In the rural villages of Oaxaca Mexico, the nearest vet is hours away, and most folks don’t have access to a vehicle to take them there. Even if they were able to make their way to a veterinary hospital, many of those pet owners would have to choose between feeding their family for the week and being able to pay for veterinary care.

Because of this, the canine population in Oaxaca and elsewhere grows at such a rate that there isn’t enough food to sustain all the dogs. Dog food isn’t always commercially available, and even when it is, many of the villagers can’t afford it. When the dog population becomes too large for a village to support it, a common solution is for groups of dogs to be taken to the coast and set free to fend for themselves. These dogs roam the area, feeding on whatever wildlife they can catch, and for many years this spelled trouble for the sea turtle population in Oaxaca. To make matters worse, until sea turtles became a protected species in Mexico in 1990, these amazing creatures were also hunted by humans, as both the meat and the eggs were considered highly desirable.

All of this leads us to a little town on the southern coast of Oaxaca called Mazunte. Up until 1990, Mazunte was home to a long standing sea turtle meat processing plant, but once sea turtles were made a protected species, the property was transformed and reopened as a sea turtle research & rehabilitation facility. Unfortunately though, the end of legal hunting was not quite enough to allow the population to rebound. Thankfully, a wildlife veterinarian named Marcelino Lopez was determined to help protect these vulnerable creatures. In addition to being a major force in convincing the Mexican government that the turtles needed protection, Dr. Lopez worked incredibly hard attempting to save the sea turtle population on his own through the Palmarito Sea Turtle Rescue.

Sea turtle hatchlings
Sea turtle hatchlings being released to begin their journey at sea

Funding and manpower were a constant struggle at first, but the project gained momentum and resources in the early 2000’s when Dr. Lopez formed a partnership with Massachusetts veterinarian Dr. Rich Roger and started the Mazunte Project. Together with a small group of like-minded veterinarians from New England, Drs. Roger and Lopez traveled to local villages along the sea turtle nesting beaches offering free spay and neuter surgeries for as many pets as they could accommodate each day before the sun went down. They paid their own expenses, collected donated supplies, and used whatever level surfaces they could find as makeshift surgery tables. Each year, they made adjustments to their plan and visited new villages as often as they could.

In the 18 years since Drs. Lopez and Roger started their work, the team has grown considerably. This year, 32 veterinarians, technicians, students, and other volunteers gave their time and efforts to make the trip another success. It is estimated that the work of this growing team and the Palmarito Sea Turtle Rescue help more than 40,000 sea turtle hatchlings make it to the ocean each year, and this year, Dr. Wissel and I were lucky enough to be a part of that team.

Our small team
Our small team. From left to right: Abby, Savannah, Kate, Danielle, Liz, Dave, Jess, and Juan Carlos

Despite a trip down that was plagued by winter storm Greyson, we still managed to make it! We arrived in Oaxaca a full 24 hours later than expected, after 36 grueling hours of travel (with some rebooked flights that I still don’t quite know how Dr. Wissel managed to get us on). It was a sunny Saturday afternoon, a stark contrast to the weather in New England! We hopped in our rental car (the trustiest little Chevy Aveo I’ve ever had the pleasure of riding in), and hit the road.


Sharing the roads with the locals...

Outside the airport we drove along windy mountain roads with views that varied from sprawling untouched valleys and mountain vistas, to gullies filled with garbage, makeshift shacks and concrete dwellings along the roadside. It was disheartening to see so much plastic trash along the roadway, but with no organized sanitation disposal system, it was not surprising. I could go on for another 3 pages about how we should all make better consumer choices- avoid plastic, choose products in glass bottles, avoid single serving plastic packaging, etc, but I’ll save that for another day!

Scenery along the way
The incredibly varied and beautiful scenery along the way...

The sign that marked the turn to the beach town of Mazunte had fallen down, but thankfully our team leader had given us some pretty great directions that included how many intersections to pass through and what we would see if we went too far, phew! We were out of cell service area, so GPS wasn't an option and most places didn't have addresses anyway, so landmarks were the way to go! We made it to our charming (read: beautiful ocean view, with a side of bed bugs and no hot water) posada just before sunset.

The following day we got to meet with many of the other volunteers, and then our small team split off to sort and organize our supplies for the week. Some supplies had been stored in town after the previous year's trip, but the warm humid air caused many of them to be ruined by mold and mildew. Luckily, Dr. Wissel and I were able to bring down close to 100 pounds of donated surgical supplies to contribute to this year's efforts. Once we had everything organized and packed in our cars, we had just enough time to shower off the mold and head to dinner.

The next morning we all met up at the OXXO station (a small local convenience store) bright and early. This kicked off a week in which our group of thirty two volunteers, split into four teams, was able to spay and neuter just over 500 dogs. We visited different villages each day, some with more patients than others, and a few with too many pets for us to get to before before the sun went down. The local people in each town were incredibly welcoming and thanked us for donating our efforts to provide this much needed service. One local woman even cooked a delicious lunch for our team! Her spicy and delicious chicken mole was much appreciated as there were no stores to pop into for lunch and we had been eating avocado wrapped in a tortilla with hot sauce for days!

Abby with patients
Prep, monitoring, and recovery looks a little different in Oaxaca than it does in Newton!

Our patients that week ranged tremendously in size and shape, from little chihuahua and terrier crosses to enormous Pyrenees or Akita crosses. Going into the project, I expected mostly mid-sized beach dogs, but was pleasantly surprised at the wide variety that we got to work with. No matter their size or breed, one thing was remarkably consistent. Even if they technically belonged to someone, the dogs we worked with roamed freely and co-existed with all the other animals in the community. This meant that none of these dogs were accustomed to being handled, let alone wearing collars or leashes. Folks brought dogs to us with all sorts of makeshift collars, from belts, ropes and chains, to a few who came leashed by beautiful scarves. Some of the dogs were wary of us gringas, but for the most part they were quite friendly. In addition to all the dogs, we had some feline patients as well! The locals brought their cats to us in a variety of different types of bags—from burlap sacks to purses—and they sat patiently with their owners waiting in their bags until it was their turn. No matter what their size or species, each patient was accompanied by a dedicated owner who waited for hours, often giving up their daily wages on the local papaya farms, to be seen. The dedication of these owners to their pets was heartwarming to see and made our work even more rewarding. My favorite patient on day one was a little chihuahua that came and sat on her owner's lap until it was her turn. She was very happy to be with us humans, but if another dog got too close, watch out! She gave them a big growl and showed her tough little chihuahua teeth. She sure had a lot of personality! 

Dr. Wissel in surgery
Dr. Wissel often had an audience in surgery

Despite having owners who cared for them, many of the dogs we treated were infested with fleas and/or ticks. These folks want to protect their dogs, but don't have access to the monthly preventatives that we commonly use here in the US. In the towns with rampant tick infestations, surgeries were often more difficult. Tick-borne disease can cause dogs to have problems with their clotting factors, so their tissues bleed profusely when surgery is being performed. Thankfully, we had enough supplies to give our patients the supportive care they needed to have surgery and recover smoothly. We were also lucky enough to be able to provide dewormer and flea/tick treatment to every patient we treated. Even though we could only give them a few months of relief, it will help, and we're hopeful that next year we'll be able to bring enough supplies to give each patient more doses. It's incredible to think about, but even things as common as the flea and tick treatments or ear medications that we dispense regularly here in the US are almost impossible to come by in these villages, and something as simple as an ear infection can greatly affect a dog's quality of life in these rural areas. For this reason, our mission for next year is to bring more of these common supplies to help improve the quality of life for these patients. We can't wait to see the impact that next year's team is able to make!

The team
Until next time!

Thanks to generous donations from Jennifer Hellerman (Boehringer Ingelheim-Merial) and Paula Brennan (Henry Schein Animal Health), which enabled us to bring some much needed medications to the patients we came across on our trip this year.

If you would like to make a donation to help us purchase supplies for next year's journey, please click here: 

https://www.youcaring.com/mazunteturtleproject-1098310

If you would like to make a tax deductible donation directly to the Palmarito Sea Turtle Rescue, please click here:

http://www.palmaritoseaturtlerescue.org/

Thank you for your help! Keep your eyes on our Facebook page for more pictures from our grand adventure!

Until next time...

- Abby, CVH Technician Team Leader